Pedestrian excursion around a Moscow residential district –
“NAGORNY (HILLY) MICRO-DISTRICT”
(between metro stations: Nagornaya and Nakhimovsky Prospekt)
(Southern Moscow, 30 minutes by metro – the grey line – from the Kremlin)
Short description: Our micro-district belongs to the Southern administrative okrug (which is one of the 12 Moscow okrugs – with the word “okrug” being a Moscow territorial division), and is located on the border of the Southern and South-Western administrative okrugs.
Since the micro-district is situated on a hill, while standing near the exit of the Nagornaya metro, you can already see both of the Moscow television towers – the Shukhov TV tower (halfway from the Nagornaya metro to the Kremlin), and the Ostankino TV tower, located on the northern part of Moscow, at least an hour away by metro. In sunny weather, the top floors of tall houses offer a very good view (The tallest Russian Orthodox Cathedral, which is the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, or the Ivan the Great Bell Tower inside the Kremlin, which used to be the tallest building in medieval Moscow).
Active construction of residential buildings in the district began in the early 1960s, at a time when the leaders of the USSR were Nikita Khrushchev and Leonid Brezhnev. The differences between the «Khrushchev» and «Brezhnev» buildings are very easy to notice.
Full description: a) The western border of the micro-district is formed by the Korobkov Gardens (second half of the 19th century, with Korobkov being an owner of the local brick factory), and the eastern one reaches the Pavelets railway lines (which go from one of the nine Moscow railway stations) laid in 1900 and the even side of the Warsaw Road (built in the 19th century, when Poland was part the Russian Empire).
The First Moscow monastery from the 13th century is not far away.
b) Until the beginning of the 1960s, most of the territory of the micro-district was occupied by the Korobkov Gardens with four ponds (still exist). Gradually, as the development expanded, the Gardens receded to the west. Modern residential buildings are adjacent to the Soviet-era infrastructure: 5-story and 12-story houses. Near the northern border of the micro-district there was a village called Verkhniye Kotly (Upper Ravines) from the Middle Ages until 1932. Throughout the 20th century, a smelter and a brick factory were located on the territory of the micro-district. In the early 1980s, the grey line of the Moscow metro with Nagornaya and Nakhimovsky Prospekt stations was opened. The main arteries are Electrolyte Passage, that has the form of the letter H, Simferopolsky Passage and Kryvyi Rih street (Simferopol is a city in the Crimean peninsula, and Kryvyi Rih – or Krivoy Rog in Russian – is a city in Eastern Ukraine). The Institute of Refractory Metals and Hard Alloys, the Institute of Technical Physics and Automation, and the Institute of Aviation Technologies are also located at the borders of the micro-district. Muscovites, keen on winter sports, actively visit the KANT Ski Resort, which appeared in 1989 due to the presence of ravines, where the third largest tributary of the Moskva River called Kotlovka flows, whose valley has the status of a natural monument. In recent years, two churches have been built in the micro-district – a wooden Church in honor of the holy righteous warrior Theodor Ushakov and the Church in honor of Monk Euphrosyne of Moscow, who was the wife and widow of Russian Prince Dmitry Donskoy, next to which there is a pond in which baptismal fonts have been organized every 19 January in recent years.
During the tour you will learn:
-about the history of the Moscow metro and trolleybuses,
– about the history of the Korobkov Gardens,
– about the history of the former village of Verkhniye Kotly,
– about the KANT Ski Resort,
– about the construction of the grey metro line and particularly about the stations: Nagornaya and Nakhimovsky Prospekt (Nakhimov Avenue),
– about who was Pavel Nakhimov,
– about the history of local factories,
– about the development of the Pavelets railway line,
– about the history of the Warsaw Road, the “Spanish” residential buildings, the green line of the Moscow metro, etc.,
– about the history of local streets and their names,
– and much more.
During the tour you will see:
– two metro stations: Nagornaya and Nakhimovsky Prospekt,
– Soviet (1960-1980s) and modern (2010s) development of the micro-district (five-, twelve-, twenty-five-story houses),
– the areas of the former electrolytic plant, the former brickfield,
– the Kant Ski Resort,
– the Korobkov Apple Gardens and ponds,
– some scientific institutions,
– Churches of Theodor Ushakov and Euphrosyne of Moscow,
– streets of the micro-district, including Electrolyte Passage, Kryvyi Rih street, Simferopol Boulevard,
– residential building under construction according to the Moscow program of renovation and resettlement,
and much more.
Meeting place: The underground passage at the exit from Nagornaya metro station (grey line). If you go from the Lenin Library (Biblioteka imeni Lenina) building near the Kremlin, this is a direct way from the Borovitskaya metro station).
How to find the group: climb the steps of the only exit from Nagornaya metro station platform, go through the turnstiles and glass doors, and wait in the underpass. The guide will stand with a sign that says “Beloved (Favorite) Moscow”.
Route: Electrolyte Passage (direction to the Kant Ski Resort) – the Kant Complex – Kotlovka river valley on the border of two administrative okrugs – part of Remizov Street – Passage along the 8th Trolleybus Park and the earliest buildings of the microdistrict incluiding the former Electrolyte factory – The wooden church in honor of 18th century warrior Theodor Ushakov (visit is possible if open) – Krivorozhskaya (Kryvyi Rih) street (or Krivorozhsky Passage) – Simferopolsky boulevard and tram line – Nakhimovsky Prospekt as a border with the South-Western okrug, the Zyuzino district and the kotlovka district – Church in honor of Saint Euphrosyne of Moscow (wife of 14-century Russian Prince Dmitry Donskoy) – Ponds including the Church pond (or movement along the fence of the Korobkov Gardens) – Nakhimovsky Prospekt metro station.
Duration: up to 1.5 or 2 hours
End of the tour: entrance to the metro station “Nakhimovsky Prospekt”
Tour guide: Andrey
This tour is free, but tips are welcome!
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